Time management


Time management


Time is a precious commodity. How we manage our time can impact both our personal and professional lives. Managing time reduces stress, increases productivity, and improves physical and mental well-being.

If you always need more time to finish your task, it simply means you lack time management skills. An effective time management skill makes tasks seem easier and faster.

Good time management doesn’t mean you do more work, it means you focus on the tasks that matter and delegate the use of your time effectively. These tasks could be studying, working, or socializing.

Learning to manage your time effectively will help you feel more relaxed, focused, and in control.

What is Time Management?

In this article, we will explore different definitions of time management with the help of different research. We will also outline the attribute of time.

Time management is all about organizing yourself. It involves juggling various tasks relating to work, social life, family, hobbies, personal interests, and commitments with the finiteness of time.

Time management is about consciously allocating time to tasks and ensuring efficient task performance. It involves setting priorities, creating schedules, and maintaining a balance between different aspects of life listed above. It also helps to accomplish your goals both long-term and short-term.

It can also be defined as a set of principles, practices, skills, tools, and systems working together to help us get more value out of our time to improve the quality of our lives.

We have defined time management in several ways. We will also explore ‘Time’ itself.

Time can be defined in many ways, but for the cause of the article, We will define time as the ongoing sequence of events taking place.

This definition allows us to understand one thing, “Time never stops.” Therefore;

  • Time is gold. Do not waste. 
  • It is a unique resource and cannot be replaced. 
  • Time can not be stocked or piled for the future, meaning, it can not be retrieved. 
  • Everybody has the same share of time irrespective of being rich or poor.

The Importance of Time Management.

The importance of time management includes;

  1. Time management helps you effectively plan your tasks, meaning the entire task does not have to be completed once. We can assign tasks according to the priority of the assignment. Those that are important should always come first, then less important things.
  2. The main component of time management is to set goals.
  3. Time management helps you set deadlines to accomplish your goals. When a deadline is set, it motivates us to accomplish the set goals.
  4. Time management helps you distinguish between significant and urgent tasks.
  5. The goal of time management is to maximize our potential.  It helps you focus every effort towards achieving your goal.
  6. Time management assists us in avoiding distractions that lead to confusion, stress, etc.
  7. Another importance of time management is that it helps you delegate the proper amount of time that must be spent on the right activity. You shouldn’t spend all of your time working. There must be time set aside for spending with family, and friends, and having fun. This will help you unwind.

Time Management Techniques.

We will explore four techniques to help you manage your time effectively. These techniques are;

1. Set yourself up for success.

This can be done by;

  • Identify the time of the day when you are most energized and do your important work then. If you work better in the morning, schedule your work to be done then
  • Arrange your workplace to your preference. This will set the mood to get you started on your work.
  • Learn to say “No” to distractions, extra work activities, and calls. Interruption reduces work efficiency.
  • Keep your phone away as it is a major distraction.

2. Prioritize your tasks.

This can be done by;

  • Write your goals down. Note that the goals can also include personal goals.
  • Set a time frame to accomplish your goals. For example, you want to get a job in one week.
  • Prepare a table of four to help you prioritize your task. These four tables should include;


    • Important and urgent: Do these tasks right away.
    • Important but not urgent: Decide when to do these tasks.
    • Urgent but not important: Delegate these tasks if possible.
    • Not urgent and not important: Set these aside to do later.

3. Plan.

Divide your goals into long-term and short-term goals. This can be done by;

  • Create a plan to be fulfilled yearly, quarterly, or monthly.
  • Break them down into weekly tasks.
  • Create a daily timetable to accomplish your weekly tasks.

4. Avoid Overplanning.

It is important to keep in mind that over-planning can sometimes do more harm than good. While it is a good idea to organize every little detail, this can lead to more problems in the long run. So, it’s important to find a balance between planning and flexibility.

The Benefits of Time Management.

Time management increases productivity and increases success in life. Here are some benefits of time management;

  1. Increased productivity: Learning to manage your time effectively increases productivity. Tasks get completed faster and more effectively.
  2. Reduces Anxiety: Time management encourages preparing schedules for tasks. Making and following a task schedule reduces anxiety. As you check off items on your “to-do” list, you can see that you are making tangible progress. This helps you avoid feeling stressed out and worrying about whether you’re getting things done. 
  3. Enjoy Personal Time: Good time management gives you extra time to spend in your daily life. People who can time manage their time effectively enjoy having more time to spend on hobbies or other personal pursuits.
  4. Create More Opportunities: Managing time well leads to more opportunities and less time wasted on trivial activities. Good time management skills are key qualities that employers look for. The ability to prioritize and schedule work is an extremely desirable qualification for any organization.
  5. Accomplish set goals: Individuals who practice good time management can better achieve goals and objectives and do so in a shorter length of time.
  6. Decreased Stress: Learning to manage your time can reduce your stress levels. Scheduling tasks into smaller units and planning your day can reduce irregularities or issues that might cause stress.
  7. Discipline: If a set time is allocated for tasks, it brings discipline. Additionally,  discipline comes from avoiding bad things and behaviors. The practice of time management will result in discipline.
  8. Get rid of Distractions: The goal of time management is to maximize your potential. It gets rid of all forms of distractions allowing you to work effectively.
  9. Utilization of Resources: Time management allows you to make use of your resources wisely.
  10. Better Workplace Relationships: Time management helps build work relationships. It helps you allocate your tasks appropriately thereby finishing tasks faster. Continuous practice makes you a reliable person in your workplace.

Related: The impacts of a healthy lifestyle.

Implication of Poor Time Management.

Let’s consider the implications of poor time management.

1. Poor time management results in several physical and mental health challenges such as:

  • Irritability.
  • Fatigue.
  • Loss of sleep.
  • Physical disorders, for example, headaches, rashes, tics, and cramps.
  • Withdrawal and depression.

2. Poor time management typically makes the quality of your work low.

3. The inability to plan and stick to schedules may lead to poor work performance.

4. If clients or your employer cannot rely on you to complete tasks promptly, their expectations and perceptions of you are adversely affected.

5. Lack of proper planning and time management leads to loss of self-control and lack of self-discipline.

Challenges of Time Management.

Let’s start by exploring some of the time management challenges that could be impacting your life and business.

  1. Procrastination: Putting things off until the last minute can create an increase in workload and make it hard for you to complete tasks on time.
  2. Distractions: Constant distractions from social media, emails, and phone calls can derail our thoughts and lead to procrastination, decreased productivity, and the risk of errors.
  3. Multitasking: Multitasking is never a good idea. Trying to juggle so many things at the same time leads to mistakes and decreases productivity.
  4. Not Taking Breaks: Failing to take regular breaks leads to burnout making it harder for you to stay focused.
  5. Work-Life Imbalance: Time management leads to a struggle in finding the right work-life balance.
  6. Ineffective Workflow: Lack of proper planning can lead to disorganized work.
  7. Miss Deadlines: Failing to meet deadlines for projects can lead to poor performance and negative feedback.

Related: Career Success: A Road Map to Career Success

Time Management Strategies.

These are strategies and tips that help your time management skills.

  1. Prioritize your to-do list: Prioritizing your to-do list helps you focus and spend more of your time on the things that matter to you. Rate your tasks into categories like “should do”, “Must do” etc. Your “Must do” tasks come first.
  2. Write your plans down: One of the greatest time management mistakes is trying to keep track of too many details leading to information overload or breakdown. Using a to-do list to write things down is a great way to take control of your projects and tasks and keep yourself organized.
  3. Carry a notebook: You never know when we are going to have a great idea or brilliant insight. Carrying a small notebook with you wherever you go is important because you can get your motivation at any time. Remember to write down your thoughts, If you wait too long to write them down you could forget.
  4. Plan your week: It is advisable to spend the weekend planning your week schedule. Taking time to do this will help increase your productivity and balance your important long-term projects.
  5. Learn to Say No: Many people become overwhelmed with too much work because they commit to doing other tasks for people. Learning to say no to low-priority requests frees up time to spend on more important things.
  6. Improve yourself: Learning is a never-ending process. Make time in your schedule to learn new things and develop yourself.
  7. Use a time management system: Use a time management system to help you keep track of everything that you need to do, organize and prioritize your work, and develop SMART plans to complete your goals.
  8. Eliminate all bad habits: Make a list of bad habits that are stealing your time and sabotaging your goals. After doing that, work on them one at a time and eliminate them from your lives.
  9. Don’t be a perfectionist: Nobody is perfect, Do what you can do, and don’t stress what you can’t. Learn to distinguish between tasks that deserve to be done perfectly and tasks that just need to be done. Some tasks do not require a lot of time to be spent on it.
  10. Avoid taking on tasks that don’t need to be done at all.
  11. Ensure that all delegated task is concluded within the set  delivery time.

Time is the most vital element of human life. So work on your time management skills. Time management is a very important skill to be learned and to be mastered to have a better lifestyle. By managing your time, you will no longer suffer from stress and your work or tasks will be done on time.












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